Arampampa Region in Bolivia
Arampampa is one of the two sections that constitute the Bilbao Rioja Province in the Department of North Potosi, Bolivia. This Andean region is one of the poorest in Bolivia with a very low Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.419, lower than many African countries and in contrast with Bolivia’s HDI which is 0.681.
The Municipality of Arampampa has 4.859 inhabitants of which 88.6% live in 36 communities and 26 hamlets organized in 6 peasant unions.
100% of the population in Arampampa speaks Quechua as their main language. A growing minority also speaks Spanish as a second language which children learn in school.
The economic activity is agriculture and mostly crops like potatoes, corn, wheat, beans as well as Andean crops such as tarwi, quiñua and oca (goose). Most families just produce enough to sustain themselves and only few of them can sell or bargain their local production on local markets. Typically a family holds a small animal stock, mostly goats and sheep, some producing wool and meat.
The Santiago community is one of the most populated area at an altitude level of around 3.000 Meters above sea-level. The unpaved road from Capinota (nearest main town) to Santiago is in a very bad condition and takes around 3 hours by jeep. The Santiago high-school is the biggest school in Arampampa with around 200 indigenous children coming from communities around.